Excel can do extra than simply basic math. That is due to its bevy of built-in features and min-formulas that simplify the creation of extra advanced formulation.

In my decade-long expertise with Excel, I’ve discovered that one of many extra helpful features is the COUNTIF perform.

You should use COUNTIF to depend the variety of cells that include a particular worth or vary of values. It’s simpler to make use of COUNTIF than to manually depend your self.

## How one can Use the COUNTIF Operate in Excel

The COUNTIF perform in Excel counts the variety of cells in a spread that meet the given standards. It doesn’t whole the cells; it merely counts them. I’ve discovered it helpful for counting cells that include a particular worth or vary of values.

For instance, let’s say you might have a spreadsheet that accommodates buyer contact data, together with road addresses and ZIP codes. You’ll be able to simply use the COUNTIF perform to depend what number of prospects dwell in a given ZIP code — and also you don’t even must type the addresses by ZIP code to do it.

Let’s work by way of the method step-by-step.

### 1. =COUNTIF()

Start by getting into the next into the cell the place you wish to place the reply:

**=COUNTIF()**

For this instance, we’ll use a grocery record that I’ve written. The totally different gadgets I wish to purchase are sorted by kind, like greens and fruit.

### 2. Outline a spread of cells.

For the COUNTIF perform to work, it’s a must to enter two arguments between the parentheses — the *vary* of cells you’re taking a look at and the *standards* you wish to match.

Place your cursor throughout the parentheses and both manually enter the vary of cells (e.g., **D1:D20**) or use your mouse to spotlight the vary of cells in your spreadsheet.

Assuming your ZIP code values are in column D from row 1 to row 20, the perform ought to now appear like this:

**=COUNTIF(A2:A35)**

### 3. Add a comma.

Subsequent, kind a comma after the vary, like this:

**=COUNTIF(A2:A35,)**

### 4. Outline your search standards.

You now must enter the factors or worth that you just wish to depend after the comma, surrounded by citation marks.

In our instance, let’s say you’re seeking to see what number of greens are in your record. On this occasion, the factors you’re counting is **Vegetable**, and your perform ought to now appear like this:

**=COUNTIF(A2:A35, **“**Vegetable**“**)**

Word that your standards is usually a quantity (“10”), textual content (“Los Angeles”), or one other cell (C3). Nevertheless, in case you reference one other cell, you don’t encompass it with citation marks. Standards will not be case-sensitive, so you possibly can enter “Crimson,” “crimson,” or “RED” and get the identical outcomes.

### 5. Activate the perform.

Press Enter, and the perform prompts, returning the variety of cells that match your argument.

## Suggestions for Utilizing the COUNTIF Operate

Many customers, myself included, have found that you need to use the COUNTIF perform in many alternative methods moreover counting particular values. Listed below are three ideas I like to recommend for extending using the COUNTIF perform.

### Use wildcard characters for partial matches.

You don’t must reference a particular worth or standards. If you happen to solely know a part of the worth you wish to depend, you need to use the * wildcard character to match any worth in that a part of the worth.

For instance, let’s say you might have a listing of addresses. If you wish to match all ZIP codes that begin with the numbers 46 (comparable to 46032, 46033, and 46450), you’ll enter **46** adopted by the *** **wildcard, like this:

**=COUNTIF(D1:D20,**“**46***“**)**

You should use the wildcard character at both the start or the tip of the worth string. For instance, to depend all cells that finish with the letters “polis,” enter the next:

**=COUNTIF(D1:D20,**“***polis**“**)**

This may depend cells that include the cities of Indianapolis and Minneapolis.

### Rely values which might be larger than or lower than a quantity.

If you happen to’re working with numbers, it’s possible you’ll wish to depend cells with values larger than or lower than a given worth. You do that through the use of the mathematical larger than (>) and fewer than (<) indicators.

To depend all cells which have a price larger than a given quantity, comparable to 10, enter this:

**=COUNTIF(D1:D20,**“**>10**“**)**

To depend cells which might be larger than or equal to a quantity, enter this:

**=COUNTIF(D!:D20**“**>=10**“**)**

To depend all cells which have a price lower than a given quantity, enter this:

**=COUNTIF(D1:D20**“**<10**“**)**

To depend cells which have a price lower than or equal to a given quantity, enter this:

**=COUNTIF(D1:D20**“**<=10**“**)**

You’ll be able to even depend cells with a price not equal to a particular quantity. For instance, to depend cells that aren’t equal to the quantity 10, enter this:

**=COUNTIF(D1:D20**“**<>10**“**)**

In all these cases, do not forget that the factors, together with the lower than, larger than, and equal indicators, should be enclosed inside citation marks.

### Rely one worth OR one other.

The COUNTIF perform may also be used to depend a number of standards—that’s, cells that include one worth or one other.

For instance, you would possibly wish to depend prospects who dwell in both Los Angeles or San Diego. You do that through the use of *two *COUNTIF features with a + between them, like this:

**=COUNTIF(D1:D20,**“**Los Angeles**“**)+COUNTIF(D1:D20,**“**San Diego**“**)**

So as to add much more values, enter one other + and COUNTIF perform.

If you wish to get much more out of Excel, take a look at our article on how to use Excel like a pro. You’ll discover 29 highly effective ideas, tips, and shortcuts that may make Excel even simpler to make use of.

## Getting Began

If you happen to’re seeking to depend the variety of gadgets that match particular standards, the COUNTIF perform is the way in which to go. You can simply type on that column and manually depend the entries, however utilizing COUNTIF is an entire lot simpler.

Now, attempt it out and save your self a while.